Heartburn is an unpleasant symptom caused by the backflow of acid from the stomach into the oesophagus. This often called reflux of stomach acid makes itself felt through burning pain in the chest, acid regurgitation and a sour taste in the mouth. These symptoms can occur sporadically or become chronic.

Triggers and Causes of Heartburn

The most common triggers for heartburn are eating fatty or acid-forming foods, overeating and alcohol consumption, smoking, being overweight and lying down immediately after eating.

A lack of stomach acid is seen as a cause, as a result of which the food is insufficiently digested and can lead to acid formation in the stomach.
However, an excess of stomach acid can also cause heartburn and should also be considered as a possible individual cause.

Pregnant women are also susceptible, as the growing uterus can exert increased pressure on the stomach.

Treatment of Heartburn

Treatment options range from lifestyle changes to medication. Sufferers can alleviate their symptoms by avoiding trigger foods and drinks, eating in an upright position, wearing loose clothing and sleeping with their upper body elevated. Medication and supplements that inhibit acid production in the stomach or digestive enzymes that help digest food are other options.

If heartburn persists or is particularly severe, it is advisable to consult a doctor to rule out serious illnesses.

For example, the closure mechanism of the oesophagus may be defective (achalasia), which can lead to burns to the oesophagus due to prolonged regurgitation and can promote the development of cancer.
From a holistic point of view, it is crucial to recognize and treat possible deficiencies in vital substances, toxin loads and imbalances in the intestine.

It is also important to adjust the diet and balance the acid-base balance.
Chronic stress should also be considered in the case of heartburn. This can weaken the immune system and impair digestion, which has a negative impact on the course of the disease.

Dr. med. Karsten Ostermann M.A.

The treatment of heartburn should not only focus on alleviating the symptoms. Recognizing and treating the underlying causes is also essential for a lasting cure.

Dr. Karsten Ostermann

Further information

The information listed contains relevant topics and serves to improve understanding.