Thromboses are blood clots that form in the blood vessels and can restrict the blood supply. There are arterial and venous thromboses, which can include symptoms such as swelling, pain, redness and overheating of the affected area.
An untreated thrombosis can detach and, depending on its location, cause life-threatening complications such as a pulmonary embolism.

Causes of Thrombosis

Possible causes of arterial thrombosis are arteriosclerosis, vascular changes, endothelial injuries, flow anomalies in vascular prostheses, heart valve replacement or foreign bodies and increased coagulability of the blood. Overall, arterial thromboses occur less frequently than venous thromboses, as the higher blood flow velocity in arteries has a protective effect.
The causes of venous thrombosis are lack of exercise, smoking, certain chronic diseases, genetic predisposition and some medications.
One of the best-known forms is deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which often occurs after long flights or operations.
An untreated thrombosis can break loose and, depending on its location, cause life-threatening complications such as a pulmonary embolism.

Symptoms of Thrombosis

Depending on the location of the thrombosis, different symptoms may occur. Common symptoms are:

  • Unexplained pain
  • Swelling
  • Redness and overheating
  • Bluish discoloration of the affected areas

Treatment of Thrombosis

Treatment for venous thrombosis usually involves blood-thinning medication to dissolve the clot (thrombolysis) and prevent it from forming again. Compression therapy and mobility can also help.
In certain circumstances, it may be useful to actively remove a clot from the pelvic or leg vein (thrombectomy).
In some cases, an intervention, such as the insertion of a filter into the inferior vena cava, is necessary to catch broken-off parts of a thrombus and prevent life-threatening complications.

Timely detection and immediate medical treatment are crucial to prevent the serious consequences of thrombosis. People with risk factors should be aware of their vulnerability and take preventive measures to minimize the risk of thrombosis.
Holistic medical approaches can play an important role in preventing thrombosis. These include measures to detoxify the body, the promotion of healthy intestinal flora and the balancing of missing micronutrients.

Dr. med. Karsten Ostermann M.A.

There are many ways to reduce the risk of thrombosis in a natural way. Such preventive measures are important to avoid serious illnesses.

Dr. Karsten Ostermann

Further information

The information listed contains relevant topics and serves to improve understanding.