Eczema is an inflammatory change in the skin that can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, scaling and blisters.
The most common types of eczema include atopic eczema and contact eczema. Atopic eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis. Contact eczema is an allergic reaction that occurs when the skin comes into contact with a poisonous substance, such as a nickel allergy.

Symptoms of Eczema

Eczema can lead to various skin changes. These include redness, swelling, nodules, blisters and crusts. The affected area can also be very itchy and cause pain. The symptoms vary depending on the type of eczema and the individual immunological situation.

Types of Eczema

All types of eczema are caused by an immune disorder. The skin reacts sensitively to foreign substances. This immunological stimulus causes an inflammatory reaction of the skin.

Eczema includes:

Treatment of Eczema

There are different approaches to treating eczema.

Firstly, it is important to avoid contact with the triggering toxin. This is particularly important in the case of contact eczema.

Furthermore, the immune system should be normalised again so that it does not react excessively to stimuli. The immune system can be brought into balance by the following measures:

Eczema can be treated symptomatically from the outside with oily ointments, creams and lotions. In case of weeping eczema, watery lotions or moist compresses should be used instead of oily creams. Most often medication such as corticosteroids are prescribed to suppress the immune system to give relief with acute symptoms. However, in the long run, these medications can actually make your skin thinner and permanently weaker when used too often.

Dr. med. Karsten Ostermann M.A.

Eczema is a sign that the body has an immune disorder. The causes of the immunological disorder should be treated so that the eczema heals permanently.

Dr. Karsten Ostermann

Further information

The information listed contains relevant topics and serves to improve understanding.